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法国巴士底狱暴动只解放了……7个人

公元1789年7月14日,巴黎人民攻占巴士底狱,轰轰烈烈的法国大革命由此开始,7月14日这一天后来也被定为法国国庆日。但你知道这次暴动解放的人数有多少吗?7个:4个造假者、1个伯爵和2个精神病人。

法国巴士底狱暴动只解放了……7个人

公元1789年7月14日,巴黎人民攻占巴士底狱,轰轰烈烈的法国大革命由此开始,7月14日这一天后来也被定为法国国庆日。但你知道这次暴动解放的人数有多少吗?7个:4个造假者、1个伯爵和2个精神病人

“巴士底狱”原名“巴士底要塞”,“巴士底”在法文中意为“城堡”,是一座非常坚固的要塞。它是根据法国国王查理五世的命令,按照14世纪著名的军事城堡的样式建造起来的。到18世纪末期,它成了控制巴黎的制高点和关押政治犯的监狱。
巴士底狱始建于14世纪,建成初期作为军事城堡投入使用,目的是防御百年战争中英国人的进攻,因此巴士底狱就建在巴黎城门前。
后来巴黎市区不断扩大,巴士底要塞成了巴黎市区东部的建筑,失去了防御外敌的作用,因此于14世纪末被改为王室监狱,专门关押政治犯;巴士底要塞于是成为法国专制王朝的象征,也就有了后来“巴士底狱”的名字。文学家伏尔泰就曾被关押于此。
18世纪末,巴士底狱是控制巴黎的制高点,自亨利四世后,法国国王在巴士底狱驻扎了大量军队。
1789年7月14日,巴士底狱被奋起反对法国王室专制的巴黎市民摧毁,现原址已被巴黎市区东部巴士底广场的七月革命烈士碑取代。
巴士底狱占地面积约2670平方米,有8座高约100英尺的塔楼,塔楼间由高24米宽3米的城墙连接,城墙上还配有15门重炮;城堡四周被一道宽26米深8米的壕沟环绕,只有一个吊桥与外界连接。它一度被视为是一座固若金汤的城堡。
现代法国历史学家给予了“巴士底狱”一些比较中肯的评价:“当时的巴士底狱实际上是全法国生活条件最好的一个监狱,也是巴黎人民畏惧的王朝的象征。”

实际上,巴士底狱看守十分松懈,监狱条件对大多数囚犯来说还不错。吉恩·弗朗索瓦·马蒙泰尔,一个被关押在监狱中的人,曾说道:“葡萄酒虽然不是很好,但还爽口。没有甜点,在监狱中不可能说有东西应有尽有,但总体上说,这个监狱的犯人吃得还不错。”路易十六在日记中对巴士底狱暴动那天是这样记录的:“没什么。”——实际他这句话是指那天在打猎游戏中的收获。

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法国巴士底狱暴动只解放了……7个人

The Christian era on July 14, 1789, parisian people storms and occupy the Bastille, the French Revolution of dynamic begins from this, also will be decided be day of French National Day this day later on July 14. But how many does the number that you know to this insurrection is liberated have? 7.

The Bastille is located in the eastpart part of Parisian urban district, right bank of river of accept of a place of strategic importance, it is castle of a military affairs so, rebuild later for the jail. Louie 16 period, it basically detains those convict that commit rebel crime. The Bastille is riot that day, the altogether in jail has 7 people, they are: A 4 person that make a holiday, count (because of sexual behavior not check is arrested) with 2 mental people (be called a plum among them Jay White, his harbour has grow the beard that reachs the waist, call Julius Xize oneself). Razzia in Parisian people in the process of the Bastille, have 100 people death about, the allusion case that includes a jail among them is long, his head is worn Paris is in on Yu Mao parade sb through the streets. Incident happening soon, parisian street begins sale to be drawn about the vulture domain of miserable photograph of the Bastille convict, in the picture they are wearing shackles, bony is like bavin. From now on, it becomes the people common knowledge to the Bastille erroneously.

Actually, the Bastille guard is very lax, jail condition is pretty good still to most convict. Auspicious favour · Fulangsuowa Mamengtaier, one is locked up the person in the jail, ever say: “Although bishop is not very good, but still tastily. Without the desert, say impossibly in the jail to have thing have everything that one expects to find, but say on the whole, the convict of this jail eats well still. ” Louie 16 to the Bastille insurrection that day is such records is in in the diary: “It doesn’t matter. ” — actual he this word is to point to hunting that day the results in game.

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