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羽毛球起源

现代羽毛球运动起源于英国。1873年,在英国格拉斯哥郡的伯明顿镇有一位叫鲍弗特的公爵, 在他的领地开游园会时,有几个从印度回来的退役军官就向大家介绍了一种隔网用拍子来回击打毽球的游戏,人们对此产生了浓厚的兴趣。

羽毛球起源

早在两千多年前,一种类似羽毛球运动的游戏就在中国,印度等国出现。中国叫打手毽,印度叫浦那,西欧等国则叫做毽子板球。十九世纪七十年代,英国军人将在印度学到的浦那游戏带回国,作为茶余饭后和休息时的消遣娱乐活动。
据传,在十四世纪末,日本出现了把樱桃插上美丽的羽毛当球,两人用木板来回对打的运动。这就是羽毛球运动的原形。
现代羽毛球运动诞生在英国。1873年,在英国格拉斯哥郡的伯明顿镇有一位叫鲍弗特的伯爵,在他的领地开游园会,有几个从印度回来的退役军官就向大家介绍了一种隔网用拍子来回击打毽球的游戏,人们对此产生了很大的兴趣。因这项活动极富趣味性,很快就在上层社会社交场上风行开来。“伯明顿”(Badminton)即成为英文羽毛球的名字。1893年,英国14个羽毛球俱乐部组成羽毛球协会  。
十八世纪时,印度的蒲那城,出现类似当今羽毛球活动的游戏,以绒线编织成球形,上插羽毛,人手持木拍,隔网将球在空中来回对击,但这种游戏流行的时间不长。
羽毛球运动约于1920年传入我国,解放后得到迅速发展。20世纪70年代我国羽毛球队已跻身于世界强队之列。
七十年代,国际羽毛球坛是印度尼西亚与我国平分秋色。80年代,优势已转向我国,说明我国羽毛球运动已达到世界先进水平。羽毛球在1992年巴塞罗那奥运会上被列为正式比赛项目,共设男女单打和男女双打及混合打共5项比赛。其余羽毛球比赛也很多,像汤姆斯杯、尤伯杯以及世界羽毛球锦标赛等。

 

2017年11月,世界羽联讨论通过了羽毛球发球新规,新规要求发球时击球点的高度将不能超过1.15米。

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羽毛球起源

As early as 2000 years ago, a game similar to badminton appeared in China, India and other countries. China is called Shuttlecock, India Puna, Western Europe and other countries are called Shuttlecock cricket. In the 1970s, British soldiers brought home Puna games learned in India as recreational activities after dinner and during rest. According to legend, at the end of the fourteenth century, there was a sport in Japan where cherries were inserted into beautiful feathers and played back and forth with boards. This is the original form of badminton. Modern badminton was born in England. In 1873, in the town of Birmington, Glasgow County, England, there was an Earl named Boffett. At his garden party in his territory, several retired officers returning from India introduced a shuttlecock game with rackets across the net, which aroused great interest. Because this activity is very interesting, it soon became popular in the upper social circles. “Badminton” became the name of English badminton. In 1893, 14 Badminton Clubs in England formed the badminton association. In the eighteenth century, in Puna, India, games like badminton today appeared. They were woven into balls with wool, feathers inserted, wooden rackets held by hand, and the balls were played back and forth across the net, but the popularity of such games was not long. Badminton was introduced into China in 1920 and developed rapidly after liberation. In the 1970s, China’s badminton team has ranked among the world’s top teams. In the 1970s, the international badminton world was divided equally between Indonesia and China. In the 1980s, the advantage has turned to our country, which shows that our badminton sport has reached the advanced level in the world. Badminton was listed as a formal event in Barcelona Olympic Games in 1992. There are five competitions in men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles and mixed games. There are many other badminton competitions, such as Thomas Cup, Uber Cup and World Badminton Championships. In November 2017, the World Badminton Federation discussed and passed the new rules for badminton service, which require that the height of the hitting point should not exceed 1.15 meters when serving.

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