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篮球之父与现代篮球之父

篮球之父詹姆斯-奈史密斯(Dr. James Naismith)篮球运动的发明者,加拿大人,第一位倡导在美式足球运动中使用头盔的人。他同时也是第一位篮球教练召集了5位球员组成一支球队。1891年詹姆斯·奈史密斯在马萨诸塞州春田(又译斯普林菲尔德)的基督教青年会国际训练学校(后为春田学院)担任该的体育教师,同时也是加拿大麦吉尔大学的美式橄榄球教练。

篮球之父与现代篮球之父

篮球之父詹姆斯-奈史密斯(Dr. James Naismith)篮球运动的发明者,加拿大人,第一位倡导在美式足球运动中使用头盔的人。他同时也是第一位篮球教练召集了5位球员组成一支球队。1891年詹姆斯·奈史密斯在马萨诸塞州春田(又译斯普林菲尔德)的基督教青年会国际训练学校(后为春田学院)担任该的体育教师,同时也是加拿大麦吉尔大学的美式橄榄球教练。1898年奈史密斯来到了堪萨斯大学,之后他在丹佛学习成为了一名教授和堪萨斯大学的首任篮球教练。在1936年8月,奈史密斯出席柏林奥运会时,被授予国际篮球联合会名誉主席。奈史密斯于1939年逝世。为了永远怀念这位篮球运动先驱,国际篮联在1950年第1届世界男子篮球锦标赛期间举行的第一次中央局,决定把世界男子篮球锦标赛的金杯命名为“奈史密斯杯”。

现代篮球之父约翰-伍登(John Wooden),全名约翰-罗伯特-伍登(John Robert Wooden)。约翰-伍登是美国篮球史上以运动员和教练员双重身份入选奈·史密斯篮球荣誉纪念馆的唯一一人。

这位老人在执教加州大学洛杉矶分校棕熊队的27年中拿到了10个NCAA冠军,包括空前绝后的7连冠(1967-1973),同时他所执教的球队还曾获得88场的连胜纪录。伍登曾六次赢得大学最佳教练员称号。他所获得的荣誉数不胜数。他培养出的巨星弟子包括阿卜杜尔-贾巴尔以及比尔-沃顿等。2010年6月4日,99岁的伍登因病去世。

篮球之父与现代篮球之父

(和贾巴尔的不解之缘)

伍登和他的球队更为辉煌的业绩在于创造了很多几乎再也不可能被打破的纪录,以至于他被公认为美国篮球史上最杰出的大学教练员。

引退后,古稀之年的约翰·伍登仍以极大的热情为篮球运动的不断发展添砖加瓦,不仅举办教练讲座,而且为30所至40所大学做关于训练计划的报告和协助这些大学制订训练计划。此外,他还为不少国家和地方的电视台当转播篮球比赛的评论员,为宣传篮球运动作出了积极贡献。

篮球之父与现代篮球之父

与此同时,伍登集半个世纪运动员和教练员之实践经验著书立说,丰富篮球运动理论和开拓篮球运动发展的方向。在美国,他的著作被认为是每个篮球教练员的必读之书。其中,他的《论教练方法》已被世界各国教练员从事教练工作和心理训练所借鉴。

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篮球之父与现代篮球之父

1891, the Zhanmusi that in city of equestrian Sa Zhu Sai a school teachs · Nai Dr. Smith, to let become because of chill slack students maintain healthy physique in endless winter, get instructive from inside the game of local children, invented a kind of indoor game. In this kind of game, nai Smith regards ball basket as two basket basket that contain peach, do fender with abatis, use a ball for the match with the football. He returns the baseball with popular at that time ground, football, rugger, hockey to wait for characteristic of ball category purpose, formulate gives 13 game regulation. People call this kind of game at that time ” Nai Smith ball ” or ” basket ball ” . Later, nai Smith and work in the same placing discuss through what relapse, just name this kind of game for ” basketball ” . Smith also became Nai ” the father of contemporary basketball “.

Original, basketball game does not have field the limitation of size and number, as long as bilateral number is equal can. The match begins, bilateral team member stands outside two end line respectively, in ref to after the ball is being thrown in the center of field, bilateral team member rushs instantly enter the arena inside grab a ball, endeavor to drop the ball the basket basket of the other side. According to the regulation, the player can not move again when receiving teammate to pass a ball, the original dribble on field passes what the implementation that pass a ball makes a round trip so between the player namely. Peach basket is know how things stand and feel confident of handling them, after the ball throws basket basket, must somebody ascends the ladder that sets only to take out the ball from basket basket. Allegedly the first match special ” successful ” , students were hit full the basketball of a class, final with 1 ∶ the score of 0 ended the contest. From now on students go upSportsThe class also was not late again.

Improve of establishment ceaselessly as field, basket basket cancelled basket bottom, replace peach goal with iron circle, make fender with board, field delimits went up central line, medium circle and penalty shot line, the match changes by in field tap-off begins. Team member of the match on field also is secured for every team 9 people, had the branch of the position such as full back, center, forward. 1908, the United States drafted the whole nation’s unified basketball regulation. In fact, from Nai 13 regulation of Smith begin to arrive all the time today, the regulation of basketball game is revised ceaselessly and perfect. After basketball is invented, spread everywhere to whole United States quickly, develop gradually make a cosmopolitan athletic item. 1932, basketball is included the Olympic Games formal match project.

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