爱丁堡龙比亚大学运动与锻炼科学高级讲师Geraint Florida-James提出过一个“开窗理论（Open-window Theroy）”。即人在过量运动后会对身体或产生压力，这将影响身体的免疫系统。
To the public, marathon is already far more than it is a motion, and the fashion that becomes a kind to contend for photograph angle gradually, become even show off capital. But those who need an attention is, marathon does not suit everybody, practice a foundation in great quantities to be being done not have at ordinary times especially ” naked run ” person, if neglectful cause serious harm very likely to the body.
Ran is healthful
Ran is one of the mankind’s important fitness way, also be the easiest implementation. A large number of research show ran is beneficial to the body, can reduce a heart and vessels effectively disease, diabetic those who reach mental disease come on risk. Canter moderately appropriately can riseHuman bodyimmune force, still can loosen the mood at the same time, promoteCerebrumthinking.
But, marathon campaign is not simple ran, sunday run runs raised very tall requirement to human performance, conquer marathon is representing a challenge ego, surmount the limit, gritty, drive that never abandons. What publicize catchword in these is how-to below, more and more people begin marathon signing up.
Marathon is to have what damage certainly to human body
Marathon campaign is motion of endurance of a limit, to the whole body many systems function all forms a challenge. One is in in the light of 13 ages 24~40 year old between, the nuclear magnetic resonance of the healthy volunteer that enlists marathon of 2013-2014 Lanzhou international considers to make clear, the knee joint of the average player that marathon athletic meeting trains certainly to undertaking causes certain harm. Nuclear magnetic resonance makes clear, CLT cartilage ply is in after contest before the match bring down, cartilage T2 is worth a bring down.
Nuclear magnetic resonance makes clear, CLT cartilage ply is in after contest before the match bring down, cartilage T2 is worth a bring down
Because the pedal of ran steps an action,generation of can different to knee joint cartilage area squashs. Suffer the person that try running the cartilage after marathon has different rate decrease thin, because ran caused the change that fiber of the collagen inside cartilage arranges,the likelihood is. And the main reason of bring down of cartilage T2 value is ran cause cartilage to compress and may bring about anisotropy of cartilage collagen fiber to change apparently, compress at the same time make content of the water inside cartilage decreases.
Besides the influence to knee joint, marathon causes an effect possibly still to the other system of human body:
Muscle system, marathon can cause certain harm to the muscle system of human body, this kind of injury is in what behave on the person that did not train through intensity major more apparent.
Neurological, cerebrum is in for long relatively anoxic condition will be right neurological cause damage.
Digestion, the digestion after motion is short of blood again perfusion can be brought about in great quantities the generation of freedom radical, damage digestion wall.
Respiratory system, of ventilatory frequency accelerate the grain such as the dust that can bring about a large number of induction air.
Cardiovascular system, during marathon moves, human body heart can bear long big negative charge moves.
Marathon is ” naked run ” person shockingDream!
The harm of the marathon that mentions in above paragraphs, it is the blame major personage that trains in the light of the course, but now more and more public that train without passing, for follow the fashion, also will attend marathon. This caused a serious problem, great majority public at ordinary times motion is measured far the requirement of short of marathon, very much even person still is in inferior health, the excessive campaign that has great strength excess load suddenly causes serious body extremely easily to damage, even shock or sudden death.
Sports of college of Edinburgh Long Biya and exercise Geraint Florida-James of scientific and senior lecturer to had put forward ” theory opening a window (Open-window Theroy) ” . Namely the person will be right after excessive moves the body or psychological generation pressure, this will affect the immune system of the body.
When long immunity of body of ran later generations is in low condition, the enroach on that the body faces exterior infection ” big window ” . So a lot of attend marathon player to be able to have sick feeling, perhaps catch a cold or be laid up, can appear badly even obstacle of liver kidney function, meeting occurrence hematuria or blood. Attend 2300 athletes of los angeles marathon were 1998 after contest about 14% of be laid up.
The Beijing marathon 2004, hong Bin of Liu of colleger of Electromechanical of Beijing traffic university and a retired worker early or late sudden death; On the Guangzhou marathon 2012, two players die after contest; The lake of Suzhou annulus golden pheasant that held in March 2014 half Cheng on marathon, 25 years old of female athletes faint suddenly in match process, rescue is invalid die; On May 25, 2014, the 3rd downy international that holds in Kunming half Cheng on marathon, 10 take part in the match staff appears in contest the body is unwell, among them one college is reading Kunming 21 years old big rescue of one student classics is invalid death. On September 13, 2015, a player is attending the 35th when Niukasier holds England ” big north runs ” half Cheng dies in marathon.
These are to do not have occupied and advanced travel to had made sufficient preparation, undertake ” naked run ” or ” accurate naked run ” bitter lesson. So if attend marathon, must pass systematic training, and must be below the case with body sensational state undertake, conditional word, undertake before contest evaluation of detailed heart lungs function and heart system are checked please.
Indeed, athleticsSports, can bring a few influences more or less to the body, what is more,the rather that this limit challenges marathon motion. But, want to hold to sound training and sufficient preparation only, adjust good body function, can resist completely the harm that brings likely. And the process is here medium, of the respect of body and mind of results each grow, the precious fortune that is the individual in will living henceforth.
So, preparation plays the friends of marathon, take your body condition seriously please, make scientificly prepare before contest, achieve all-round to control quite marathon the level that a such limits move, have a challenge again.
Understanding more and Marathonrelevant trivia!