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为什么会瞬间失忆,想不起刚刚想要做什么了?

生活中,你是否有过“瞬间失忆”的经历,比如,本来想去拿一件东西,正准备去做的时候突然忘了自己要做什么;正想和朋友说点什么,却突然一脸懵逼的完全记不起刚才想说的内容;打开浏览器忽然忘了自己刚才想查什么……科学家给这个现象起了个非常贴切的名字“门口效应”,形容人从一个门进入…

为什么会瞬间失忆,想不起刚刚想要做什么了?

生活中,你是否有过“瞬间失忆”的经历,比如,本来想去拿一件东西,正准备去做的时候突然忘了自己要做什么;正想和朋友说点什么,却突然一脸懵逼的完全记不起刚才想说的内容;打开浏览器忽然忘了自己刚才想查什么……

科学家给这个现象起了个非常贴切的名字“门口效应”,形容人从一个门进入到另一个门可能会忽然忘记某些东西。科学家专门针对这种现象做了相关测试实验,探究门口效应背后的秘密。

研究人员将被测试者分为两组,分别测试他们在真实房间和虚拟房间里记忆的变化,检测是否会出现“门口效应”。真实房间中的人被要求一边手拿盒子,往里面放进或取出不同物品,一边随时回答关于这些物品的问题,有时就在同一个房间内来回走动,有时则需要穿过一扇门。另一组被测试者则被要求控制视频游戏中的虚拟人物来完成与前一组一样的动作指令和问题。

实验结果表明,不论环境真实或虚拟,人们的记忆力会在穿过房门后受到影响,人们的反应会变慢,错误率也会增加。

心理学家指出,这和人们的注意力与行为层次的关系有关。要完成一个行为,就要把它拆分成几个层次。通常,一天之内,人们的注意力会根据不同的情形,在三个不同的行为层次之间上下转换,从目标和抱负,到计划和策略,再到最低的层次,也就是具体的行为。只有这样,人们才能完成更多复杂的行动,越过多个时刻、多个地点或多种行为的需要,拼凑出一个清晰的计划。

举个例子,如果你是位经验丰富的司机,驾驶的一系列步骤你早已烂熟于心,于是,在无意识中你就可以完成这些动作,这时候你的注意力在目标层次上,你可以边开车边与乘客聊聊天;但如果出现不寻常状况时,比如遇到路况复杂的交叉口或引擎出现异响时,你就会将注意力转移到开车这件具体的事情上,暂时离开全局;当异常解除后,你就可以继续照常开车,将乘客送往目的地。

“门口效应”之所以产生,就是因为我们要完成各种不同的事情。外界环境,包括我们所处的空间、时间、所面对的事物等在不停地变换的同时,内在环境即我们的思维、心理也在相应地变化、跳跃。我们想要做的事可能只是其中很小的一个环节,当情境发生变化时,它可能就被遗忘了。

但是“门口效应”并不一定是坏事。你可以把它理解为大脑的一种调节功能,就像我们的电脑用时间长了需要定期清理内存一样,大脑也需要把一些不太重要的或临时的信息删除,来储存更多的新信息,从而记住更为有用的事情。科学家还发现,门口效应可以让人们更专注地做当前做的事,不容易受到其他信息干扰。

了解更多和“记忆”相关的冷知识!

为什么会瞬间失忆,想不起刚刚想要做什么了?

In the life, whether had you had \” the instant is broken recall \” experience, for instance, want to take a thing originally, when preparing to do, forgot oneself want what to do suddenly; Wanting to say what to nod with the friend, abrupt however one face is muddled those who force is complete remember the content that does not have to a moment ago wanted to say; Opened a browser to forget he a moment ago wanted what to check suddenly…

The scientist had a very proper name to this phenomenon \” doorway effect \” , form tolerate with others enters another door to may forget certain thing suddenly from a door. The scientist did relevant test test technically in the light of this kind of phenomenon, the secret of backside of dug doorway effect.

Cent of the person that researcher will be checked is two groups, check the change that they recall in true room and fictitious room respectively, detect whether can appear \” doorway effect \” . The person in true room is asked at the same time the hand takes a case, toward inside be put or take out different article, answer the question about these article at any time at the same time, be in sometimes same ambulate back and forth inside the room, need to cross a door sometimes. The fictitious character that another group of person that be checked are asked control video game is medium will finish dictate with before one group of same acts and problem.

Experimental result makes clear, no matter true or the environment is fictitious, the memory of people can be affected after crossing a door, the reaction of people can slow, wrong rate also can increase.

Psychologist points out, the relation of the attention of this and people and action administrative levels is concerned. Want to complete an action, be about to become its fractionation a few administrative levels. Normally, a day in, the attention of people is met the situation with different basis, change up and down between 3 disparate behavior arrangement of ideas, from target and aspiration, to plan and strategy, arrive again lowermost administrative levels, namely specific action. Only such, people ability completes more and complex action, cross many hour, many places or the need of a variety of behavior, medley the plan that gives a clarity.

Cite a case, if you are a seasoned driver, a series of driving measure you are already know sth thoroughly at the heart, then, in involuntary in you can complete these actions, at that time your attention is on target administrative levels, you are OK the edge drives edge and passenger chat a little; But if appear not when common state, when encountering occurrence abnormal knocking of the alternate mouth with road complex condition or engine for instance, you can divert attention drive on this specific issue, leave overall situation temporarily; When unusual after removing, you can continue as usual drives, send the passenger toward destination.

\”Doorway effect \” arise, because we want,accomplish all sorts of different things namely. Outside ambient, the thing that includes our located space, time, place to face in keep alternating while, immanent environment namely our thinking, psychology also is in corresponding ground change, bouncing. The job that we want to do may be only among them a very small segment, when circumstances happening changes, it may be forgotten.

But \” doorway effect \” not be evildoing certainly. You can be its understandingCerebrumOne kind adjusts function, the computer that resembles us grew need to clear regularly with time memory is same, cerebrum also needs a few not quite important or temporarily information is deleted, will store more new information, learn more useful business thereby. The scientist returns discovery, doorway effect can let people do the thing that does currently more dedicatedly, be disturbed not easily by other information.

Understanding more and Memoryrelevant trivia!

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