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海底的石油是如何形成的

石油产品分为石油燃料、 石油溶剂与化工原料、润滑剂、石蜡、石油沥青、石油焦等6类。无论在生活还是在生产中,石油都有着极其重要和无法替代的作用。

海底的石油是如何形成的

石油产品分为石油燃料、 石油溶剂与化工原料、润滑剂、石蜡、石油沥青、石油焦等6类。无论在生活还是在生产中,石油都有着极其重要和无法替代的作用。

目前科学家对于石油的形成原因主要是有两种学说,一种是生物沉积变油,还有一种就是石化油。

生物沉积变油

这个理论是由科学家罗蒙诺索夫提出来的假说,该研究说明了,石油的形成时间至少需要200万年的时间,迄今为止所发现的最古老的石油储藏是在5亿年之前,在地球如此漫长的演化历史当中,有些时期非常地特殊,比如说古生代,在这个时期有着大量的海洋植物死亡,这些有机物和海底的淤泥混合,被埋藏在了沉积岩下,之后经过压缩和加热后开始转化,成为了油页岩,然后成为了碳氢化合物,之后碳氢化合物上升到岩层中,形成了油田,然后人类就可以开采石油了。

石化油

这个是由科学家托马斯-戈尔德提出来的,该理论认为地壳当中有很多的碳,这些碳渗入到岩石当中,之后的步骤都是一样的,两个理论的主要区别就是一个认为碳是生物形成的,一个认为是地球本身就存在的,前者受到了很多人的支持。

了解更多和“石油”相关的冷知识!

海底的石油是如何形成的

As a kind of the sources of energy, oil can say in the life of people and production is to acting very important role, produce a field in industry especially, it has the effect that place of other natural resources cannot replace more. Besides the oil on land, maritime oil also more and more by exploitation, so, is marine oil after all how form?

Scientists pass research discovery, be in Mesozoic Era and Neozoic shallow sea area, sunshine illuminate is very intense, enough sunshine offerred advantageous condition for life activity, all sorts of nutrition elements such as the liquid state water that because shallow sea area contains a lot ofbiology to grow,needs again, oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen, phosphor, Potassium, then here becameMarineBiology gathers, the good place of multiply. Accordingly, the marine biology of countless gathers together to live to here in succession. After they die, the body basically sinks marine.

In addition, the river water that flows into from land also brought corpse of many fresh water biologic, agelong deposit hereat. As time passes, deposit is in the biology remains of marine bottom, deteriorate in biochemistry, hot catalysis, hot splitting decomposition, high temperature wait for action to fall, gradually change became oil. Accordingly, often contain abundant oil in Mesozoic Era or Neozoic layer.

Understanding more and Oilrelevant trivia!

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